DARFUR IN PERSPECTIVE
By Professor David Hoile
Published by The European - Sudanese Public Affairs Council
COMMUNIQUE BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN AND THE UNITED NATIONS
ON THE OCCASION OF THE VISIT OF
THE SECRETARY GENERAL TO SUDAN
29 June - 3 July 2004
• Deeply concerned with the grave situation in the Darfur region of the Sudan;
• Alarmed by the number and severity of conditions of the internally displaced in
Darfur and refugees in Chad which, if not addressed with urgency, may deteriorate
to catastrophic levels;
• Aware of the urgent need to stop the continuing attacks on the targeted civilian
population in Darfur, particularly by the Janjaweed and other outlaw armed groups,
and to ensure security in the region consistent with the humanitarian ceasefire agreement signed by the government of Sudan and the rebel groups (SLM and JEM)
• Convinced of the need to stop all human rights violations in the region;
• Convinced too of the urgency of resuming the talks between the Government of
Sudan and the Darfur rebel groups (SLM and JEM) and speedily reach final
settlement to address the root causes of the conflict;
• Aware of the positive impact the implementation of an eventual agreement on the
South will have in the settlement of the conflict in Darfur and the establishment of
durable peace in the Sudan as a whole;
• Recognizing the recent improvement in achieving humanitarian access to Darfur
granted by the Government of Sudan to the United Nations, including humanitarian
organizations and African Union monitors, as well as welcoming the increase in the
provision of assistance to the internally displaced and other vulnerable groups by
local and national authorities, international agencies and non-governmental
THE UNITED NATIONS:
1. Pledges to do its utmost to help alleviate the humanitarian need of the affected
population in Darfur and Sudanese refugees in Chad consistent with its 90-day
Humanitarian Action Plan.
2. Will assist in quick deployment of African Union ceasefire monitors
3. Stands ready to continue to help in the mediation on the South and on Darfur
4. Commits itself, subsequent to Security Council resolutions, to assist
implement agreements reached on South Sudan and Darfur; to that end, the UN shall
continue the preparations it has started for a possible peacekeeping role when
agreements are reached.
THE GOVERNMENT OF SUDAN COMMITS ITSELF TO:
1. ON HUMANITARIAN ISSUES:
Implement a 'moratorium on restrictions' for all humanitarian work in Darfur, and
removes any other obstacles to humanitarian work, including:
• Suspension of visa restrictions for all humanitarian workers and permitting freedom of movement for aid workers throughout Darfur.
• Permitting immediate temporary NGO registration through a simple notification
process that OCHA will offer to manage on behalf of NGOs; permanent registration
shall be processed within 90 days.
• Suspension of all restrictions for the importation and use of all humanitarian
assistance materials, transport vehicles, aircraft and communication equipment.
2. ON HUMAN RIGHTS
• Undertake concrete measures to end impunity.
• Undertake immediate investigation of all ceases of violations, including those
brought to its attention by the UN, AU and other sources
• Ensure that the Independent Investigation Committee, established by presidential
decree in May, receives the necessary resources to undertake its work and that its
recommendations are fully implemented.
• Ensure that all individuals and groups accused of human rights violations are
brought to justice without delay.
• Allow the deployment of human rights monitors.
• Establish a fair system, respectful of local traditions, that will allow abused women
to bring charges against alleged perpetrators.
3. ON SECURITY:
• Deploy a strong, credible and respected police force in all IDP areas as well as in
areas susceptible to attacks.
• Train all police unit in human rights law and hold them responsible for upholding it;
• Ensure that no militias are present in all areas surrounding IDP camps.
Immediately start to disarm the Janjaweed and other armed outlaw groups.
nsure that immediate action is taken to rebuild the confidence of the vulnerable population and that any return of the displaced to their homes is done in a truly
voluntary manner in line with the current Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement.
4. ON POLITICAL SETTLEMENT OF THE CONFLICT IN DARFUR:
• Resume the political talks on Darfur in the shortest possible time to reach a
comprehensive solution acceptable to all
• As peace in Darfur is a requisite for peace in the South, welcome the international
community's role in assisting the implementation of an eventual peace agreement in
1. The Government of Sudan and the United Nations agree to form a high level
Joint Implementation Mechanism (JIM) for this agreement.
2. The Government of Sudan and the United Nations delegates to the JIM shall
be lead by the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Sudan and the SRSG for the UN and its
3. The JIM shall closely follow and appraise development and periodically report
on the progress in the implementation of this agreement to the Government of Sudan and
the United Nations.
KHARTOUM, 3 July 2004